Top of Page Describe the organism s used in the study. This includes giving the 1 source supplier or where and how the orgranisms were collected2 typical size weight, length, etc3 how they were handled, fed, and housed before the experiment, 4 how they were handled, fed, and housed during the experiment. In genetics studies include the strains or genetic stocks used. For some studies, age may be an important factor.
References provide support for statements and add credibility to writing. The rules for what needs a citation are an academic tradition, but are rarely stated explicitly: All direct quotations from another author must be cited.
The writer has no discretion in this matter: Failure to cite quotations is known as plagiarism, a serious academic offense that is equivalent to fraudulent representation of someone else's property as the writer's.
It is highly recommended that authors always include the indicia of a quotation [i. It is not an acceptable defense to plagiarism to claim that the author forgot to include the indicia of a quotation. All substantial information taken from another source should be cited. There are four reasons for this: The meaning of "substantial information" in 2 is deduced on a case-by-case basis by considering the four reasons.
If at least one of the reasons is appropriate or desirable, then a reference should be used. However, one does not give a reference for well-known facts e.
The appropriate test is whether any person with an undergraduate education in the appropriate specialty would immediately recognize the fact: Let us take a moment to expand on item 2b above. If the writer doubts the truth of the information, then the writer should indicate to the reader the basis for those doubts.
This can be accomplished diplomatically by making a "on the one hand Doubts can also be raised and at least partly resolved by discussing alternative interpretations. The point is that the writer can not just serve the reader some cited material and then walk away from the mess: If a complete resolution of the facts is not possible, then the writer has an obligation to say so.
Some types of statements beg for a citation. For example, It is commonly believed that It is widely known that The conventional wisdom is that These assertions need a citation of at least one I prefer three references that support the assertion. These references may be to textbooks, which are rarely cited in professional literature in other contexts.
There are two reasons for requiring a reference to this type of statement: What kind of literature should be referenced? It is preferred that all references be archival material:The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
Writing Equations For Word Problems. First, you want to identify the unknown, which is your variable. What are you trying to solve for? Identify the variable: Use the statement, Let x = _____. You can replace the x with whatever variable you are using.
Look for key words that will help you write the equation. Writing Function Rules word problems for function ashio-midori.com function ipod activity.ppt IPOD Commercial ashio-midori.com Thank you so much for being part of the BetterLesson community.
We will use your feedback to improve the experience for every teacher on our site. Cancel. Send us your feedback!. PatrickJMT: making FREE and hopefully useful math videos for the world! Writing Equations For Word Problems. First, you want to identify the unknown, which is your variable. What are you trying to solve for?
Identify the variable: Use the statement, Let x = _____. You can replace the x with whatever variable you are using. Look for key words that will help you write the equation. If the plant continues to grow at this rate, determine the function that represents the plant's growth and graph it.
3 A car rental charge is $ per day plus $ per mile travelled. Determine the equation of the line that represents the daily cost by the number of miles travelled and graph it.