Roads and highways are strips of land. These provide routes for travel by automobiles and other vehicles. Roads work as arteries of the economic, social and cultural health of a country by transporting men and materials both during peace and war.
Pilots are also merchant marine officers and are licensed by the Coast Guard. Formerly, there was also a radio department, headed by a chief radio officer and supported by a number of radio officers. Since the introduction of GMDSS Satellite communications and the subsequent exemptions from carrying radio officers if the vessel is so equipped, this department has fallen away, although many ships do still carry specialist radio officers, particularly passenger vessels.
Many radio officers became 'electro-technical officers', and transferred into the engineering department. Life at sea[ edit ] Mariners spend much of their life beyond the reach of land. For some, the attraction is a life unencumbered with the restraints of life ashore.
Seagoing adventure and a chance to see the world also appeal to many seafarers. Whatever the calling, those who live and work at sea invariably confront social isolation. Findings by the Seafarer's International Research Center indicate a leading cause of mariners leaving the industry is "almost invariably because they want to be with their families.
Industry experts increasingly recognize isolation, stress, and fatigue as occupational hazards. Advocacy groups such as International Labour Organization, a United Nations agency, and the Nautical Institute are seeking improved international standards for mariners. This technology has contributed to crew welfare, although both equipment and fees are expensive.
Maritime tradition dictates that each day be divided into six four-hour periods. Three groups of watch keepers from the engine and deck departments work four hours on then have eight hours off watch keeping.
However, there are many overtime jobs to be done daily. This cycle repeats endlessly, 24 hours a day while the ship is at sea.
Members of the steward department typically are day workers who put in at least eight-hour shifts. Operations at sea, including repairs, safeguarding against piracysecuring cargo, underway replenishmentand other duties provide opportunities for overtime work.
Service aboard ships typically extends for months at a time, followed by protracted shore leave. However, some seamen secure jobs on ships they like and stay aboard for years. The quick turnaround of many modern ships, spending only a few hours in port, limits a seafarer's free-time ashore. Moreover, some foreign seamen entering U.
However, shore leave restrictions while in U. Furthermore, in cases where transit is allowed, special "security fees" are at times assessed. Such restrictions on shore leave, coupled with reduced time in port, translate into longer periods at sea. Mariners report that extended periods at sea living and working with shipmates, who for the most part are strangers, takes getting used to.
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At the same time, there is an opportunity to meet people from other ethnic and cultural backgrounds. Recreational opportunities have improved aboard some U. And in some cases, especially tankers, it is possible for a mariner to be accompanied by members of his family.Water transport is movement by means of a watercraft—such as a barge, boat, ship or sailboat—over a body of water, such as a sea, ocean, Short-haul transport is dominated by the automobile and mass transit.
The latter consists of buses in rural and small cities.
Maritime transport is the transport of people or goods by water. Freight it is effective for short trips and pleasure cruises. Transport by water is cheaper than transport by air, They form a common means of commercial intermodal freight transport. Informally known as "box boats," they carry the majority of the world's dry cargo. Humans' first means of transport involved walking, running and swimming. The domestication of animals introduced a new way to lay the burden of transport on more powerful creatures, allowing the hauling of heavier loads, or humans riding animals for greater speed and duration. I. Inland water transport: Inland water transport consists of transport by rivers, canals and lakes. Rivers are a natural highway which can be used as a means of transport. Rivers are a natural highway which can be used as a means of transport.
Maritime transport is the transport of people or goods by water. Freight transport has been achieved widely by sea throughout recorded history.  Although the importance of sea travel for passengers has decreased due to aviation, it is effective for short trips and pleasure cruises.
transport means a way by which we can travel from one place to another.
vehicles are the examples of means of transport include cars,trains,buses,cycles etc. Short essay on Road Transport (India) It is far less expensive over short distances. (iv) Road transport is more flexible than railways.
A motor vehicle can be hired at any time. It can go to the interior of the country. Road transport has no fixed route or time. (v). Essay on modern means of Transport. Article shared by. Man is a social being. It is difficult for him to live in isolation.
He likes to meet his friends and relations living in the remote pan of the country. It is through transport that he can meet them In this respect transport is the greatest essential of his life. So transport is also divided into three types and these are surface transport, air transport and water transport.
Communication is the medium through which news and feelings of the people are sent from one place to another without meeting the people. It means, sending of news, information and feelings through any medium is known as communication.