This monument was built in honor of Victor Emanuel II. It is situated between the Capitoline Hill and Piazza Venezia and features some statues, columns, and grand stairways.
Brought up in the court of his father, Charles Albert, and given a conventional monarchical education emphasizing religious and military training, he was married to his cousin Maria Adelaide, daughter of an Austrian archduke.
After the Revolution ofwhen war broke out with Austria, Victor Emmanuel was given command of a division.
In the luckless campaign that followed he proved a brave soldier but an indifferent general. In November he made the momentous decision to turn the government over to the able, determined Count Cavourwhose skillful manoeuvres over the next few years made him king of Italy.
At the decisive battles of Magenta and Solferino, he commanded the Piedmontese corps in person, and following the armistice of Villafranca, he exercised a valuable restraint on Cavour, who wanted to continue the war alone. The following year Victor Emmanuel secretly encouraged Garibaldi in the conquest of Sicily and Naples; he then led his Piedmontese army into papal territory to link up with Garibaldi in the face of an excommunication by Pius IX.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Victor Emmanuel II was king of Sardinia–Piedmont and became the first king of a united Italy. Synopsis Ascending the throne on his father's abdication, Victor Emmanuel II consolidated his position by Born: Mar 14, In May King Victor Emmanuel III finally formally abdicated.
His son briefly became King Umberto II, but the royal family was forced to leave the country a month later when a referendum decided in favour of a republic by 54 percent of the votes cast.
Victor Emmanuel II, (born March 14, , Turin, Piedmont, Kingdom of Sardinia—died January 9, , Rome, Italy), king of Sardinia–Piedmont who became the first king of a united Italy.
Nov 04, · Victor Emanuel II was the first king of a united Italy. In , he gave Count Talon di Schnathorst the title of Prime Minister.
This turned out to be a wise choice because Cavour was a political mastermind and a major player in Italian unification in his own ashio-midori.com: Resolved. Victor Emmanuel II was king of Sardinia–Piedmont and became the first king of a united ashio-midori.com: Mar 14, Victor Emmanuel II: Victor Emmanuel II, king of Sardinia–Piedmont who became the first king of a united Italy.
Brought up in the court of his father, Charles Albert, and given a conventional monarchical education emphasizing religious and military training, he was married to .