Pull buoy Often used at the same time as hand paddles, pull buoys support swimmers' legs and prevent them from kicking while they focus on pulling. Pull buoys are made of foam so they float in the water. Swimmers hold them in between the thighs.
But the aquatic precursors of synchronized swimming are nearly as old as the Olympics themselves. Rulers as early as Julius Caesar commandeered lakes or dug them and flooded amphitheaters to stage reenactments of large naval battles— called naumachiae—in which prisoners were forced to fight one another to the death, or drown trying.
The naumachiae were such elaborate productions that they were only performed at the command of the emperor, but there is evidence that other—less macabre—types of aquatic performances took place during the Roman era, including an ancient forerunner to modern synchronized swimming.
They dove, swam and created elaborate formations and nautical shapes in the water, such as the outline or form of a trident, an anchor and a ship with billowing sails. Over the course of the s, a number of circuses in Europe, such as the Nouveau Cirque in Paris and Blackpool Tower Circus in England, added aquatic acts to their programs.
They waltzed and swam in glass tanks at music halls and aquariums, and often opened their acts with underwater parlor tricks like smoking or eating while submerged.
Though these acts were first performed by men, female swimmers soon came to be favored by audiences. Metropolitan University's sports and leisure historian, Dave Day, who has written extensively on the subject, points out that swimming, "packaged as entertainment," gave a small group of young, working-class women the opportunity to make a living, not only as performers, but also as swimming instructors for other women.
But as more women in England learned to swim, the novelty of their acts wore off. This engraving was published as Plate 69 of Microcosm of London Public Domain via Wikicommons In the United States, however, the idea of a female aquatic performer still seemed quite avant-garde when Australian champion swimmer Annette Kellerman launched her vaudeville career in New York in While Kellerman was promoting swimming as a way to maintain health and beauty, the American Red Cross, which had grown concerned about high drowning rates across the country, turned to water pageants as an innovative way to increase public interest in swimming and water safety.
These events, which featured swimming, acting, music, life-saving demonstrations or some combination of these, became increasingly popular during the s. Clubs for water pageantry, water ballet and "rhythmic" swimming—along with clubs for competitive diving and swimming—started popping up in every pocket of America.
Annette KellermanAustralian professional swimmer, vaudeville and film star in her famous custom swimsuit Library of Congress via Wikicommons One such group, the University of Chicago Tarpon Club, under the direction of Katharine Curtis, had begun experimenting with using music not just as background, but as a way to synchronize swimmers with a beat and with one another.
Inthe club, under the name Modern Mermaids, performed to the accompaniment of a piece band at the Century of Progress World's Fair in Chicago. It was here that "synchronized swimming" got its name when announcer Norman Ross used the phrase to describe the performance of the 60 swimmers.
By the end of the decade, Curtis had overseen the first competition between teams doing this type of swimming and written its first rulebook, effectively turning water ballet into the sport of synchronized swimming.
Inhe produced the Great Lakes Aquacade on the Cleveland waterfront, featuring—according to the souvenir program—"the glamour of diving and swimming mermaids in water ballets of breath-taking beauty and rhythm.
Though competitive synchronized swimming—which gained momentum during the middle of the century—began to look less and less like Williams' water ballets, her movies did help spread interest in the sport.
Since its Olympic induction, synchronized swimming has moved farther from its entertainment past, becoming ever "faster, higher, and stronger," and has proven itself to be a serious athletic event. How to watch synchronized swimming If synchronized swimming looks easy, the athletes are doing their jobs.
Though it is a grueling sport that requires tremendous strength, flexibility, and endurance—all delivered with absolute precision while upside down and in the deep end—synchronized swimmers are expected to maintain "an illusion of ease," according to the rulebook issued by FINA, the governing body of swimming, diving, water polo, synchronized swimming and open water swimming.
Olympic synchronized swimming includes both duet and team events, with scores from technical and free routines combined to calculate a final rank. Routines are scored for execution, difficulty and artistic impression, with judges watching not only for perfect synchronization and execution, both above and below the surface, but also for swimmers' bodies to be high above the water, for constant movement across the pool, for teams to swim in sharp but quickly changing formations, and for the choreography to express the mood of the music.
The United States and Canada were the sport's early leaders, but Russia—with its rich traditions in dance and acrobatics, combined with its stringent athletic discipline—has risen to dominance in recent years, winning every gold Olympic medal of the 21st century and contributing to the ever-changing look of the sport.
Russia, followed by China, remains the team to watch in Rio this year, while the U. She is currently working on a book on the history of synchronized swimming and aquatic performance.
Find her at vickivalosik.Artwork from the Cave of Swimmers in southwest Egypt shows that Ancient Egyptians were swimming as far back as 10, years ago, but the modern sport of competitive swimming began in Great Britain in At that time, London hosted swimming competitions in its six newly constructed indoor pools.
Apr 14, · ashio-midori.com Swimming as a motor skill has always been with the human race in the same way that a dog or a mouse can swim as an.
A concentrated protein beverage extracted from the the way swimming was invented in the human history essence of beef used to restore human health Invented more than 3.
move. The history of swimming is something that is dated back before the start of time and has always been a part of human culture in one shape or form.
It has been around for a millennia, because human beings have always used swimming as a technique to stay above water and to move and flow through the water. Human swimming Is the self propulsion of a person through water or other liquid, for survival, recreation, sport, exercise or other reason.
Locomotion is achieved . The way swimming was invented in the human history October 6, by Leave a Comment Sailing the role and importance of the vice president a review of the film titanic directed by james cameron ships.
common-sense Some a look at the culture that shaped german born kathe people are fans of the Tampa Bay Bucs But many.