Those who misunderstand the nature of the economic forces at play, risk misdirecting those forces.
Posted on December 3, by Scott Alexander I. Ezra Klein uses my analysis of race and justice as a starting point to offer a thoughtful and intelligent discussion of what exactly it means to control for something in a study. If blacks on average have lower incomes, then in the real world blacks might still be arrested much more.
The solution is terminological rigor, which I foolishly forgot to have. Klein wants to know whether there is any factor at all that causes disproportionate impact of the criminal justice system on any race.
By this definition, my conclusions are only a tiny part of the picture, although at the end I recommend the book Malign Neglect which provides much of the rest.
What I think we do disagree about is the terminology.
Mandatory Minimums: A National Injustice Mandatory minimum drug sentencing is legislation passed by Congress in to create harsher punishments for drug offenders. These laws were created at a time when drug use was beginning to rise dramatically. I think there’s an important part of Ezra Klein’s piece that you’re not addressing. Specifically this: In other words, we police black communities more heavily and we are more aggressive about enforcing drug laws against . Free Essay: Mandatory Minimums: A National Injustice Mandatory minimum drug sentencing is legislation passed by Congress in to create harsher.
Consider Mandatory minimums a national injustice essay town with black people and white people. We can do the calculations and determine that the black arrest rate will be 8. The people in the town can do the calculations as well. They correctly observe that in their town, everyone commits crimes at the same rate, so there must be some bias in their system.
The problem is, upon learning that your criminal justice system is racist, what solutions come to mind? The ones I think of include things like increasing the diversity of the officer pool, sending police to diversity training, ferreting out racist attitudes and comments among members of the force, urging officers to consume media that is more positive towards black people, et cetera.
But all of these are unrelated to the problem and will accomplish nothing. We specified the decision algorithm these officers use, and we know it has nothing to do with race and everything to do with class.
Note that this is true even if the poverty is caused by racism. Suppose the town college unfairly admits whites and turns down blacks, which is why the white people in this town are so much richer. But if the natural reaction to hearing the phrase is to solve the problem by attaching hundreds of helium balloons to black people, then say something less misleading.
Klein goes on to say: As my colleague Matt Yglesias wrote, the commonly cited statistic that American women suffer from a 23 percent wage gap through which they make just 77 cents for every dollar a man earns is much too simplistic.
On the other hand, the frequently heard conservative counterargument that we should subject this raw wage gap to a massive list of statistical controls until it nearly vanishes is an enormous oversimplification in the opposite direction.
After all, for many purposes gender is itself a standard demographic control to add to studies — and when you control for gender the wage gap disappears entirely! Take hours worked, which is a standard control in some of the more sophisticated wage gap studies.
Women tend to work fewer hours than men.
If you control for hours worked, then some of the gender wage gap vanishes. Women work shorter hours because as a society we hold women to a higher standard of housekeeping, and because they tend to be assigned the bulk of childcare responsibilities.
The American Association of University Women urges companies to conduct salary audits to proactively monitor and address gender-based pay differences. With a new executive order issued today, President Obama and Democrats are hoping to peg the gender wage gap as a major issue ahead of the elections.
It might be worthwhile to come at this from an ideologically opposite angle. It sounds like a big problem. So you dig through mountains of data, and you figure out that most feminist professors tend to be in subjects like the humanities, where twice as many students are female as male, and so naturally twice as many of the As go to women as men.
Especially if colleges have already vowed to stop hiring feminist professors in response to the subsequent outrage.
Especially especially if you know I am a cultural conservative activist whose goal has always been to make colleges stop hiring feminist professors, by hook or by crook. That could be considered biased or discriminatory, I guess.
This issue makes for the ultimate motte-and-bailey doctrine. Women making less than men!
This is the bailey. Anyway, the situation is actually even worse than this. Racism is a uniquely divisive issue. Minorities hear it and think of Klansmen trying to kill them. White people hear it and think of witch-hunters trying to get them fired.
A single death in a random Midwestern town has turned half the country into experts on ballistics because it involved race.
Bring up race, and people will change their opinion in the opposite direction suggested by the evidence just to spite you for having a different opinion about it than they do. It never mentions that possibility that any of this racism is anything but overt.
Comment screening is on again, I guess.Reading about Greek mythology may give people the impression that there was a unified Greek national religion. Nothing of the sort ever existed. 南信州の田舎、自然、レア情報満載。観光ポータルサイトぶらっとマップ、その名も「ぶらっぷ」。遊ぶ、食べる、見る、感じる、癒し、泊まる、買う、催しもの をテーマにレア情報をお届けします。.
/ashio-midori.com (finding that, in fiscal year , there were 31, counts of conviction that carried a mandatory minimum term of imprisonment, and of which 24,, or percent, were for drug offenses). the judge was forced to give Mandy a mandatory minimum of 10 years for the conspiracy and possession charges, and a mandatory five-year consecutive term for the gun charge, for a total sentence of 15 years behind bars.
Essay on Mandatory Minimum Sentences in Canada - Introduction This paper will be focusing on the controversial issue of mandatory minimum sentences in Canada. There has been much debate over this topic, as it has quickly become implemented for the sentencing of drug offenders, drug-related crimes and banned firearm offences.
Mandatory minimums really are objectionable as a matter of principle, as a policy that has resulted in countless individual injustices, and as a significant driver of over-incarceration.