Markets Economists study trade, production and consumption decisions, such as those that occur in a traditional marketplace. Electronic trading brings together buyers and sellers through an electronic trading platform and network to create virtual market places. Microeconomics examines how entities, forming a market structureinteract within a market to create a market system.
Notes on The Story of Stuff Summary: This document supplements The Story of Stuff by Annie Leonard, reinforcing the materials economy framework.
These notes supports our reading of The Story of Stuff. My goal has moved to the use of the materials economy as a cycle, a set of interrelated stages within which to grasp the practical meaning and substance of economics for sustainability.
I frame my public policy course around a cycle which provides containers that allow an orderly, dynamic, and coherent development of both the content and the theory of public policy. The materials economy presents a big picture view of the industrial ecology process that seems to offer the same opportunity to take on a life of its own.
Why use this book? The Story of Stuff is a fun, clear, lively, and timely treatment of the materials economy that shows how the real industrial economy intersects with sustainability. Although the economy appears to undermine sustainability, it works for the burgeoning global middle classes, for now, as the middle class increases consumption, the demand that elicits production.
This theme is central. I test marketed the book and others among students in various settings, discovering that students preferred The Story of Stuff and learned from studying the book.
The core concept, the materials economy, is not a formal term derived from economic theory. The materials cycle comes close to the concept of supply chains, however.
Economics Lecture Notes – Chapter 1. THE CENTRAL PROBLEM OF ECONOMICS will be taught in economics tuition in the first week of term 1. Students can refer to Economics – A Singapore Perspective for the diagrams. The book is available in the major bookstores in Singapore. MODULE - 1 Understanding Economics ECONOMICS 1 Notes What is Economics 1 WHAT IS ECONOMICS Economics as a subject has assumed great importance in the field of social science. Economics (/ ɛ k ə ˈ n ɒ m ɪ k s, iː k ə-/) is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.. Economics focuses on the behaviour and interactions of economic agents and how economies work. Microeconomics analyzes basic elements in the economy, including individual agents and markets, their interactions, and the outcomes of interactions.
Annie may have invented the term to suit her purpose here: I have used the cycle process model effectively in my public policy course. View the logo and click on the ovals to see this process framework in action. The material cycle model is a comprehensible, dynamic, and flexible container.
The book treats the economy as a grounded and concrete phenomenon rather than an abstract and detached set of theories.
The actual economy provides the substance of ENST, not the abstracted theories such as neoclassical economics, which will be treated immediately after The Story of Stuff, as displayed in the schedule.
The strategic move, from Karl Polanyi: See my overview of Karl Polanyi as social ecology. The critique of ecological economics at the macro-level, or big picture level, is squarely upon the growth in physical scale of the economy.
Note that growth is distinct from development, an improvement in quality or the actualization of potential.
|Recommended||Notes on The Story of Stuff Summary: This document supplements The Story of Stuff by Annie Leonard, reinforcing the materials economy framework.|
|shortcuts and tricks||Inherent Limitations of Drug Production and Consumption Estimates "Existing estimates about drug production and consumption are cryptic, inconsistent, and often impossible to verify.|
But expansion and intrusion is what stuff is all about: Note that the book does not really treat the service economy, but focuses on the world of commodities that are products goodsnot services per se. The notion of externalities, the micro-level critique of ecological economics, is central to the The Story of Stuff.
Fairness is central to the book. World Sustainability, after all, must be fair. See the article recommended by Joaquin Maravillas about Ugandans being pushed off their land for the sake of environmental services.
This may help in dealing with climate change but is unacceptable. This shows how commodification, even of environmental services, can lead to what David Harvey terms dispossession. I have discovered that The Story of Stuff works for students who have not yet studied economics or feel put off by economics.
The book makes economics accessible but does so in the context of sustainability.
Students report that they learn from the book and find the book accessible to them. This matters, a lot. Notice the chapter titles. We will discuss and contrast with the paradigm of orthodox economic theory neoclassical economics and also ecological economics.
This gets us into the materials economy from an industrial ecology perspective. The book is well researched. The Endnotes extend from page to Obviously, Annie had staff and researchers involved in this project.
Sachs calls for restraint, restoration, and rights.Economics - Chapter 3 Notes Section 1: Forms of Business Organizations There are three main forms of business organizations in the economy today– the sole proprietorship, the partnership, and the corporation.
Each offers its owners significant advantages and disadvantages. The most common form of business organization in the United States is the.
Learning Objectives. What Is Sociology? Explain concepts central to sociology; Describe the different levels of analysis in sociology: micro-sociology and macro .
Economics (/ ɛ k ə ˈ n ɒ m ɪ k s, iː k ə-/) is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.. Economics focuses on the behaviour and interactions of economic agents and how economies work.
Microeconomics analyzes basic elements in the economy, including individual agents and markets, their interactions, and the outcomes of interactions. A demand curve is a graphical depiction of the law of demand. We plot price on the vertical axis and quantity demanded on the horizontal axis.
As the figure illustrates, the demand curve has a negative slope, consistent with the law of demand. At the suggestion of a reader, I’m posting a draft Table of Contents for Economics in Two Lessonshere. ashio-midori.comuctory Preface Outline of the book Further reading. Box and Cox () developed the transformation.
Estimation of any Box-Cox parameters is by maximum likelihood. Box and Cox () offered an example in which the data had the form of survival times but the underlying biological structure was of hazard rates, and the transformation identified this.