Juvenile justice subsystems

The most commonly available method of sending juveniles to criminal court i. Juvenile court judges can decide to waive their jurisdiction over a particular case and transfer it instead to the adult court.

Juvenile justice subsystems

In the United States, the criminal justice system is divided into three categories: In addition to these three categories, each state has separate divisions that deal with adult and juvenile cases.

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Each of these systems is comprised of three major components. Law Enforcement The first component of the criminal justice system--and perhaps the most important and dangerous--is law enforcement.

This includes the local police department with all of its police officers and detectives. Law enforcement personnel are also responsible for bringing forth charges against perpetrators and ensuring the cases are strong enough to stand up in court.

Courts The second component of the criminal justice system is the court. The court system includes prosecution and defense lawyers, judges and juries.

These individuals make sure offenders are given fair trials. Judges, also known as finders of facts, hear the cases and preside over the participants to make sure that all laws are followed while the cases are being tried.

Some cases are tried in front of a judge only, while others have a jury of 12 citizens who determine the guilt or innocence of a defendant based on facts brought forth during a trial. A jury may also make a recommendation of what a sentence should be. A judge ultimately decides a sentence unless there are pre-determined sentencing guidelines that need to be followed.

Sentencing guidelines are more prevalent in the federal justice system. Corrections The third and final component of the criminal justice system is corrections. The role of this component is to uphold and administer sentences handed down by judges.

Justice | The National Child Traumatic Stress Network

The corrections system, which is tightly intertwined with the previous two components, is very important and quite large. The corrections component includes jails, prisons, correctional officers, probation officers and parole officers.The Juvenile Justice System is defined as that "sociolegal process having responsibility and authority for public reaction to current juvenile delinquency and deterrence of future juvenile delinquency, including within that process the public and private agents, agencies, laws, rules, and policies having to do with juvenile delinquency"(Weiner.

Choose from different sets of cjus flashcards on Quizlet. Log in Sign up. cjus Flashcards. Browse sets of cjus flashcards. Juvenile Justice Subsystems. Petitioner. Correctional Models of Juvenile Justice.

Delinquency. Police, Juvenile Court, Corrections.

A Separate System for Juveniles

A prosecutor. The United States criminal justice system is a system that acts to enforce the criminal laws of the country. In the United States, the criminal justice system is divided into three categories: federal, state and military. In addition to these three categories, each state has separate divisions that deal with adult and juvenile cases.

Each of these systems is comprised of three major components.

Juvenile justice subsystems

The Juvenile Justice System is defined as that "sociolegal process having responsibility and authority for public reaction to current juvenile delinquency and deterrence of future juvenile delinquency, including within that process the public and private agents, agencies, laws, rules, and policies having to do with juvenile delinquency"(Weiner.

The law enforcement, judicial, juvenile justice and corrections subsystems will also be explored, and a number of reform proposals presented. COURSE READING MATERIALS: Readings on . A separate juvenile justice system was established in the United States about years ago with the goal of diverting youthful offenders from the destructive punishments of criminal courts and encouraging rehabilitation based on the individual juvenile's needs.

The Three Components of the Criminal Justice System | ashio-midori.com