Intensive livestock operations in industrial agriculture

First, wetlands and streams are often destroyed and diverted.

Intensive livestock operations in industrial agriculture

A consumer backlash against food sold for taste, convenience, and profit rather than nutrition and other values e. Environmental science Industrial agriculture uses huge amounts of waterenergy, and industrial chemicals ; increasing pollution in the arable landuseable water and atmosphere.

Herbicidesinsecticides, fertilizersand animal waste products are accumulating in ground and surface waters. Nitrogen compounds from the Midwest, for example, travel down the Mississippi to degrade coastal fisheries in the Gulf of Mexico.

But other adverse effects are showing up within agricultural production systems—for example, the rapidly developing resistance among pests is rendering our arsenal of herbicides and insecticides increasingly ineffective.

Intensive livestock operations in industrial agriculture

Rural sociology A study done for the US. Office of Technology Assessment conducted by the UC Davis Macrosocial Accounting Project concluded that industrial agriculture is associated with substantial deterioration of human living conditions in nearby rural communities.

These animals are typically cows, hogs, turkeys, or chickens. The distinctive characteristics of such farms is the concentration of livestock in a given space.

The aim of the operation is to produce as much meat, eggs, or milk at the lowest possible cost. Food and water is supplied in place, and artificial methods are often employed to maintain animal health and improve production, such as therapeutic use of antimicrobial agents, vitamin supplements and growth hormones.

Growth hormones are no longer used in chicken meat production nor are they used in the European Union for any animal after studies in determined the health hazards from use of growth hormones in food [17].

In meat production, methods are also sometimes employed to control undesirable behaviors often related to stresses of being confined in restricted areas with other animals.

More docile breeds are sought with natural dominant behaviors bred out for examplephysical restraints to stop interaction, such as individual cages for chickens, or animals physically modified, such as the de-beaking of chickens to reduce the harm of fighting.

Weight gain is encouraged by the provision of plentiful supplies of food to animals breed for weight gain. The designation "confined animal feeding operation" in the U.

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The United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA identified certain animal feeding operations, along with many other types of industry, as point source polluters of groundwater. These operations were designated as CAFOs and subject to special anti-pollution regulation.

For example, the ten million hogs in North Carolina generate 19 million tons of waste per year. These lagoons can be as large as 7. Lagoons not protected with an impermeable liner can leak waste into groundwater under some conditions, as can runoff from manure spread back onto fields as fertilizer in the case of an unforeseen heavy rainfall.

The spill allegedly killed eight to ten million fish. Animal rights and animal welfare activists have charged that intensive animal rearing is cruel to animals. As they become more common, so do concerns about air pollution and ground water contamination, and the effects on human health of the pollution and the use of antibiotics and growth hormones.

One particular problem with farms on which animals are intensively reared is the growth of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Because large numbers of animals are confined in a small space, any disease would spread quickly, and so antibiotics are used preventively.Intensive farming is an agricultural intensification and mechanization system that aims to maximize yields from available land through various means, such as heavy use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers.

This intensification and mechanization has also been applied to the raising of livestock with billions of animals, such as cows, pigs and .

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Intensive livestock operations in industrial agriculture

Intensive farming or intensive agriculture also known as industrial agriculture is characterized by a low fallow ratio and higher use of inputs such as capital and labour per unit land area.

[2] [3] This is in contrast to traditional agriculture in which the inputs per unit land are lower.

Industrial vs. Family Farms Comparison

Intensive animal farming or industrial livestock production, also known as factory farming, is a production approach towards farm animals in order to maximize production output, while minimizing production costs.

Intensive farming refers to animal husbandry, the keeping of livestock such as cattle, poultry, and fish at higher stocking densities . Intensive animal farming or industrial livestock production, also known as factory farming, is a production approach towards farm animals in order to maximize production .

The Environmental Impacts of Intensive Livestock Operations in Canada. Published by Paul York | Comments (1) Add comment Introduction. Greater worldwide demand for animal products within the last fifty years, due to increased affluence, urbanization and population growth has been facilitated by industrial animal agriculture .

Industrial Agriculture - Animals | Technology Trends