Evaluating ethics in psychology essay

Saul McLeodpublishedupdated Ethics refers to the correct rules of conduct necessary when carrying out research.

Evaluating ethics in psychology essay

Most of the ethical issues they raise also apply to other areas of social influence research". Are there any features of Milgram's experimental procedure, which you would consider unethical?

There were a few aspects of Milgram's experiment that made it unethical. Deception was involved; participants were informed that they were testing the effect of discipline on concentration when in fact they themselves were the ones being tested on to research obedience to authority.

I do feel that this deception was necessary for the purpose however it was still unethical. Something that was not necessary for the purpose was the breaking of the ethical guideline protection of participants.

Many of the participants did not leave the experiment in the state they entered in. Causing participants unnecessary stress was very unethical and we have to consider whether the research was more important than the participant's health.

Baumrind was correct in saying that the participants of Milgram's experiment had been abused and that not enough had been done to protect them from psychological damage. Another ethical guideline was broken that too could have enhanced the stress of the participant.

They were not allowed to withdraw from the experiment the experimenter pushed them to harm the victim of the "shocks". However Milgram did redeem himself slightly as the participants were fully debriefed at the end and informed that their behaviour was normal. They were also reunited with the unharmed person they had believed they were giving shocks to.

This helps Migrams case but does not excuse his actions. Protection from harm How could Zimbardo et al. They could withdraw form the experiment.

Also it was not the nature of the experiment to harm the "prisoners" it was the volunteer prison guards that caused the trauma and many of them admitted to enjoying the control they had over the prisoners. The participants were strictly voluntary and were researched to check their medical conditions etc.

The volunteers also signed a contract after being informed in detail the proceedings of the experiment. Zimbardo did do more than Milgram to try and prevent harm to the participant. Also there was no set-up experimenter pushing the guards on they did everything of their own free will.

Evaluating ethics in psychology essay

Due to this Zimbardo can defend himself by saying he did not influence or deceive anyone, much of the experiment stuck to the BPS guidelines it was the way of human nature that harmed the participants. Deception and informed consent. Given that it is important to understand the process involved in conformity and obedience the endcan deception be justified as a means of studying them?.

Identify the deceptions that were involved in Asch's, Milgram's and Zimbardo et al. I feel that deception is more acceptable in some circumstances than others.

If the participant is deceived then it is important that it is considered how they would feel about the true nature of the experiment and whether it would bother them that they had contributed to research different to that of which they had originally thought.

If the deception is need to reveal something personal about the participant which they would not share of their own free will then it is wrong to deceive. The participant in Asch's study was led to believe he was in a room full of other volunteers, however they were 'stooges' and were in on the experiment.

I do not feel that this deception would have affected the participant psychologically and it was needed for the nature of the experiment. The participant may have felt embarrassed but I feel under the circumstances it was acceptable.

I fail to see where Zimbardo deceived his participants except for the surprise arrests at the start; I do not see that as a great case of deception. They were fully aware of what they were doing and gave written consent knowing they would be harassed. Milgram's deception was the most harmful to the participants however completely necessary for the experiment.

They were led to believe they were electrocuting someone and heard fake screams. This caused distress to the participant. I feel this was unethical but sadly justified, as the experiment could not have produced the accurate results that it did without deception.Essay Writing Guide for Psychology Students Saul McLeod, published Before you write your essay it's important to analyse the task and understand exactly what the essay question is ashio-midori.com: Saul Mcleod.

Ethics refers to the correct rules of conduct necessary when carrying out research. We have a moral responsibility to protect research participants from harm. However important the issue under investigation psychologists need to remember that they have a duty to respect Author: Saul Mcleod.

Ethical guidelines for animals, such as Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Animals (APA, ), have been established; thus, nowadays ethical guidelines on animal research are implemented and strongly supported by the law.


One way of evaluating studies in psychology is to consider whether or not the study might have ethical issues. When evaluating ethics, many students want to jump straight to condemning studies by saying something like, “This study was unethical because ”. Implications are effects or consequences, and in this section you need to understand the consequences of research studies and theory.

In year one you studied ethical issues in psychological research, for example deception, informed consent, protection from harm, etc. Mar 05,  · Evaluating and comparing two theories of cognitive development.

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