An Encyclopedia] "Classical liberalism" is the term used to designate the ideology advocating private property, an unhampered market economy, the rule of law, constitutional guarantees of freedom of religion and of the press, and international peace based on free trade. Up until aroundthis ideology was generally known simply as liberalism.
Posted on October 15, by Scott Alexander [Warning: And that as far as I know no historian believes non-historians should never be allowed to talk about history if they try to be careful and cite their sources.
Read at your own risk anyway. The Dark Ages were never a thing. The entire concept is complete and utter horseshit cobbled together by a deluded writer.
Petrarch used it to describe, well, every single thing that had happened since the fall of Rome. Not every scientist was burned at the stake, not everyone thought the world was flat and surrounded by space dragons, and the High Middle Ages were notable for impressive levels of material progress which in some cases outpaced the Classical World and which set the stage for the upcoming Renaissance the continuity thesis.
But I worry that as usualthis corrective to an overblown narrative of darkness has itself been overblown.
The period from about to about in Christian Western Europe was marked by profound economic and intellectual decline and stagnation relative to the periods that came before and after it. To go through the arguments one by one: Many other areas during this period had no warring states at all!
The Time of Troubles? Actually, outside of Russia there were no more troubles than usual. The Era of Good Feelings?
Maybe there were a bunch of bad feelings not in the US. Every other historical age name is instantly understood by everyone to refer to both a time and a place. The only time anyone ever gives anybody else grief over this is when they talk about the Dark Ages.
This is an isolated demand for rigor. What about all the great stuff in the Dark Ages?
The Song of Roland! All of those are from after the period — AD. Suppose someone tells you that the middle of America contains the Great Plains, a very flat region. But you know that actually there are lots of tall mountains, like the Rockies.
Have you debunked the so-called Great Plains narrative and proven that its believers are credulous morons? The period after AD did indeed have lots of great accomplishments. I await people admitting that there was no Cold War, because who is George Orwell to think he can just name an era based on what he feels it was like?
This is another isolated demand for rigor. Historical periods get their names from random individuals reflecting on them; the names catch on if people agree that they fit.Classical liberalism Political foundations.
Although liberal ideas were not noticeable in European politics until the early 16th century, liberalism has a considerable “prehistory” reaching back to the Middle Ages and even earlier.
The Early Middle Ages (ca. ) were an impoverished, non-urban phase of Western European history. 4 With the fall of Roman rule, agriculture and trade networks languished, population declined, and literacy nearly disappeared outside the Church.
The early version of liberalism focused on individual freedom, on the free market, and on the Middle Ages, classical liberalism was revived by two. 8 groups: civic republicans in self-governing cities such as to form a classical liberal ideal that remained important at the time of the American.
The history of Europe covers the peoples inhabiting Europe from prehistory to the present. During the Neolithic era and the time of the Indo-European migrations Europe saw migrations from east and southeast and the following important cultural and material exchange.
The period known as classical antiquity began with the emergence of the city-states of ancient Greece. Classical scholarship - The revival of learning: The humanist movement was consolidated by the generation of Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca; –74).
Petrarch actively looked for manuscripts, building up what was for his day a remarkable library, and taught himself to write an elegant classicizing Latin very different from what had been customary during the Middle Ages.
Scott, You’ve left out arguably the most important European country during the putative “Dark Ages”, namely Ireland. Ireland was not overrun by Germanics and instead developed a high literary culture during the Middle Ages.