Summaries 3 Summaries InJackie Robinson becomes the first African-American to play in Major League Baseball in the modern era when he was signed by the Brooklyn Dodgers and faces considerable racism in the process. Branch Rickey is a Major League team executive with a bold idea.
Early life Family and personal life Robinson was born on January 31,into a family of sharecroppers in Cairo, Georgia.
With the track and field squad, he won awards in the broad jump. He was also a member of the tennis team. He was a shortstop and leadoff hitter for the baseball team, and he broke school broad-jump records held by his brother Mack.
On January 25,he was arrested after vocally disputing the detention of a black friend by police. Karl Downs to attend church on a regular basis, and Downs became a confidant for Robinson, a Christian. While at Fort Hood, Robinson often used his weekend leave to visit the Rev.
The driver backed down, but after reaching the end of the line, summoned the military policewho took Robinson into custody.
Batesrefused to authorize the legal action,  Robinson was summarily transferred to the th Battalion —where the commander quickly consented to charge Robinson with multiple offenses, including, among other charges, public drunkenness, even though Robinson did not drink.
No black man had played in the major leagues since Moses Fleetwood Walker inbut the Boston Red Sox nevertheless held a tryout at Fenway Park for Robinson and other black players on April The best was Josh Gibson. Clay Hopperthe manager of the Royals, asked Rickey to assign Robinson to any other Dodger affiliate, but Rickey refused.
As he was not allowed to stay with his teammates at the team hotel, he lodged instead at the home of a local black politician.
In Sanford, Floridathe police chief threatened to cancel games if Robinson and Wright did not cease training activities there; as a result, Robinson was sent back to Daytona Beach. Robinson thus became the first black player to openly play for a minor league team against a major league team since the de facto baseball color line had been implemented in the s.
With Eddie Stanky entrenched at second base for the Dodgers, Robinson played his initial major league season as a first baseman. The brewing mutiny ended when Dodgers management took a stand for Robinson.
And if any of you cannot use the money, I will see that you are all traded. Some, notably the St. Louis Cardinalsthreatened to strike if Robinson played, but also to spread the walkout across the entire National League. After the threat was exposed, National League President Ford Frick and Baseball Commissioner Happy Chandler let it be known that any striking players would be suspended.
Those who do it will encounter quick retribution. This is the United States of America and one citizen has as much right to play as another. Dutton Award in for Best Sports Reporting. At one time, he received a seven-inch gash in his leg from Enos Slaughter.“A life is not important except in the impact it has on other lives,” Jackie Robinson once said.
The impact Robinson made on Major League Baseball is one that will be forever remembered. On April 15 each season, every team in the majors celebrates Jackie Robinson Day in honor of when he truly broke the color barrier in baseball, becoming the first African-American player in the 20th.
Apr 12, · Watch video · In , Jackie Robinson is a Negro League baseball player who never takes racism lying down.
Branch Rickey is a Major League team executive with a bold idea. To that end, Rickey recruits Robinson to break the unspoken color line as /10(K). Jackie Robinson is a BrainPOP episode that launched on January 30, From about until Jackie Robinson broke the major league color barrier in , hundreds of all-black professional baseball teams came and went.
These teams made up what were known as the Negro ashio-midori.come: January 30, - Jackie Robinson. Jackie Robinson was the first African American to play Major League baseball outside of a segregated black league, in He became a living milestone for racial equality and changed the sport of baseball forever.
Major League Baseball has honored Robinson many times since his death. In , both the National and American League Rookie of the Year Awards were renamed the "Jackie Robinson Award" in honor of the first recipient (Robinson's Major League Rookie of the Year Award in .
On this day in , Jackie Robinson, age 28, becomes the first African-American player in Major League Baseball when he steps onto Ebbets Field in Brooklyn to compete for the Brooklyn Dodgers.