The sufferings of Christ obtained for us what we could never obtain by ourselves with respect to salvation and sanctification. They portray Christ crucified Gal. The benefits of the cross are manifold including but not limited to:
Antitheses[ edit ] "No careful reader of Tolkien's fiction can fail to be aware of the polarities that give it form and fiction,"  writes Verlyn Flieger. Tolkien's extensive use of duality and parallelism, contrast and opposition is found throughout the novel, in hope and despair, knowledge and enlightenment, death and immortality, fate and free will.
One famous example is the often criticized polarity between Good and Evil in Tolkien. Orcs, the most maligned of races, are a corruption of the mystically exalted race of the Elves.
These antitheses, though pronounced and prolific, are sometimes seen to be too polarizing, but they have also been argued to be at the heart of the structure of the entire story. Tolkien's technique has been seen to "confer literality on what would in the primary world be called metaphor and then to illustrate [in his secondary world] the process by which the literal becomes metaphoric.
Writing in The Christian World of the Hobbit, for example, author Davin Brown cites Tolkien's belief in "the ennoblement of the ignoble", and goes on to link the importance of Tolkien's more unseeming characters with Jesus's words on "the meek" in the Sermon on the Mount.
Likewise, though Tolkien's magic, immortal elves seem to act as an idealized version of a comparatively lowly humankind, their inability to accept change causes a "deep nostalgia for [an] edenic past", which in turn becomes their "great folly".
Which is hardly more than to say it is a tale written by a Man! The Elves never die of old age and are resistant to disease, though they can be slain in battle or die by similar means; however, even when their bodies perish, their spirits travel to the Halls of Mandos in Amanand eventually can be "reincarnated" into life.
They are thus bound to the world, and can grow weary of it as they wane in prominence, watching the decline of their lands. In contrast, Tolkien leaves the fate of Men uncertain.
This leads to some form of fear for Men, who do not understand what truly happens at death and fear it as a result. Across all of Tolkien's works, the desire to escape death is shown to lead to evil.
Matric Works offers you two payment options when you pay for your course online, through our website: Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) – Using this option, customers make payment by depositing money directly into our bank account. Lord of the Flies by William Golding. Home / Literature / Lord of the Flies / Brief Summary ; Lord of the Flies was written by William Golding in When Lord of the Flies opens, a plane carrying a group of British boys ages 6 to 12 has crashed on a deserted island in the Pacific Ocean. William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, first published in , takes the timeless story of castaways on a deserted island and turns it on its head. In this case, the island is nearly idyllic. In this case, the island is nearly idyllic.
They later attempt to conquer the hallowed, "Undying Lands" of Aman from the Valarleading to their destruction. Sauron's Rings of Power also promise immortality to Men, yet in the process turns them into Ringwraithsundying but not truly living either.
The corruption of power and addiction[ edit ] The Lord of the Rings centres around the corrupting influence of the One Ring. Author of the Century. In this chapter, titled, "The Lord of the Rings 2: Concepts of Evil" pp —Shippey notes that what lies at the heart of the story is the assertions made by Gandalf about the power and influence of the One Ring, and the corrupting influence it has on its bearers.
Gandalf rejects the Ring after Frodo offers it to him, and this view of the nature of the Ring is reinforced as ElrondGaladrielAragorn and Faramir in their turn, also reject the Ring, supposedly fearing the fact that it will ultimately create wicked desires within them. Inversely, the hobbits' complacency and lack of ambition appears to make them less susceptible to the Ring's promises of power, as is seen in Frodo and Samboth of whom are able to handle the Ring for extended periods of time.
It is of note that hobbits are not totally immune to the Ring's effects, however, as is seen most clearly in Frodo, Bilbo and, arguably, Gollum.
This is, according to Shippey, a very modern, 20th-century theme, since in earlier, medieval times, power was considered to "reveal character", not alter it.
Shippey mentions Lord Acton 's famous statement inthat "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely.
Great men are almost always bad men White with The Once and Future King In The RepublicGlaucon argues that doing justice to others is never to one's benefit; he cites the mythical Ring of Gygesa ring which could make any man who wore it invisible and thus able to get away with any theft or other crime.
Glaucon claims that such power would corrupt any man, and that therefore no man truly believes that acting justly toward others is good for him.
Manlove points out that Tolkien is not consistent in his attitude towards power, for there are exceptions to the supposedly overwhelming influence of the Ring.
The Ring can be handed over relatively easily Sam and Bilboand removing the Ring by force Gollum to Frodo does not, despite Gandalf's assertion at the beginning of the story, break Frodo's mind.
The Ring also appears to have little effect on characters such as AragornLegolas and Gimli. Analyses have also characterised the Ring as addictivewith each use progressively increasing the hold the Ring has over its bearer.
Later, when he encounters the Ring in Rivendellhe experiences longing to hold it again and nearly attacks his nephew.
Frodo also shows features of addiction, ultimately being unable to relinquish the Ring of his own accord. The possessiveness of the two hobbits is relatively mild compared to others in the epic.
Anne Pienciak notes that technology is only employed by the forces of evil in Tolkien's works, and that he found it to be one of "the evils of the modern world: The chapter "The Scouring of the Shire" sees the industrial technology imported by Saruman's minions as an evil threat to replace the traditional crafts of the Shire hobbits, and was removed after his death.
Courage[ edit ] Courage in the face of overwhelming odds is a recurring theme in Tolkien's literature. This "northern courage" as he called it is seen in the fate of Frodo and Samwise, for example, who have little prospect of returning home from their mission to Mount Doom.
While Sam follows Frodo out of loyalty and would die for him, characters like Boromir are driven by pride and would risk the lives of others for their personal glory.
Likewise the rejecting of the ring by Sam, Faramir, and Galadriel can be seen as a courageous rejection of power and glory and of the personal renown that defeating Sauron would have brought about.William Golding uses the elements of weather effectively in Lord of The Flies to symbolize a kind of universal assessment of the actions, making the novel more interesting, and representing the inner feelings of the characters.
In this lesson, we explored ideas around the true nature of human behavior as they are portrayed in the classic novel, Lord of the Flies by William Golding. One premise is . The Lord of the Flies pdf is a book by the Nobel Prize-winning author William Golding illustrates humankind’s intrinsic evil nature by using a tragic parody of adventure tales.
Read Online Download The author William Golding engages his readers at three levels. A Christ figure, also known as a Christ-Image is a literary technique that the author uses to draw allusions between their characters and the biblical ashio-midori.com loosely, the Christ Figure is a spiritual or prophetic character who parallels Jesus, or other spiritual or prophetic figures.
In general, a character should display more than one correspondence with the story of Jesus Christ as. Here are some questions that I've pulled out of the last few years' AQA, OCR and WJEC exam papers. Some of these are made up based on exam board question styles.
The original CliffsNotes study guides offer a look into key elements and ideas within classic works of literature. The latest generation of titles in this series also features glossaries and visual elements that complement the familiar format.