Types[ edit ] Juvenile delinquency, or offending, can be separated into three categories: There may also be biological factors, such as high levels of serotoningiving them a difficult temper and poor self-regulation, and a lower resting heart rate, which may lead to fearlessness.
Also, the most frequency in the group that lived separated from the family was for the thieves group. The perpetrators of the crime of theft have introduced poverty as a main reason.
Discussion and Conclusion Based on the results of this study, the majority of delinquent juveniles were placed in the age group years old.
Most juveniles under study had families with members that is similar to the results of other studies conducted by Sadafi 6Hussaini 7and Pyrasteh 10 and may be indicative of the fact that most delinquent juveniles are living in crowded households.
In this study, most Juveniles did not have sufficient literacy due to their age. Therefore, this has been associated with their delinquency and in studies conducted by Sadafi 6Ansarinezhad 11 and Seif the same results were obtained.
Accordingly, it can be deduced that most delinquents are illiterate or poorly educated people and this can justify the role of education in raising awareness and insight of people in preventing their diversion and deviance and of course, their low education may be the reason of delinquency.
In this study, majority of juveniles did not live with their parents and this has been an important factor in the development of delinquency. While in the study of Sadafi 6 and Seif 8 most of them were under the supervision of their parents.
Problems resulting from their separation from parents may affect their personality, psyche and ultimately their behavior and norms and play role in leading them to inconsistencies and deviations.
In addition to this, nearly half of all delinquent juveniles were addicted. In the study conducted by Hussaini 7similar results were obtained.
In this study, there was a significant relationship between gender types of delinquency and theft is the crime of the most of the males and evil-doing has been the most common case among female juveniles.
The reason can be found in the living environment and social conditions of these people which needs further studies. Furthermore, between marital status and singularity of juveniles with the type of delinquency no significant relationship was observed.
Bulletin 2: Criminal Career Patterns (Study Group on the Transition from Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime). Final technical report by Alex R. Piquero, J. David Hawkins, Lila Kazemian and David Petechuk. The Study of Juvenile Delinquency 1 Understanding juvenile delinquency Developing and evaluating theories of delinquency Purposes of delinquency research After completing this chapter, students should be able to: Understand the approach and structure of this book. Describe the key components of theory. a study of juvenile crime based on surveys in which youths report on their own delinquency acts. Social Factors Related to Delinquency gender, racial and ethnic relations and social class.
However, due to the low number of married juveniles no reliable analysis can be presented in this regard. Other studies had not investigated in this regard too. A significant relationship between literacy levels of juveniles with the type of the delinquency was obtained.
In other words most illiterate juveniles committed theft, and evil-doing has been the crime mostly committed by juveniles with higher levels of education.
It seems that act of theft by illiterate juveniles may be due to poor education and entering the labor market, and earning low income and financial need and committing evil-doing by juveniles with higher education level is due to greater participation in community and educational environments and facing with the opposite sex.
But between the occupation and the level of education of mothers with the type of delinquency of juveniles a significant relationship has been created. Perhaps because of financial need, the juveniles with housewife and worker mothers committed theft more.
Religion is a powerful deterrent against deviations and deviances. Religious inertia and destabilization of religious orientations can lead people to delinquency. Also between juveniles who lived with family and those who did not live with family and the type of delinquency a significant correlation was obtained.
Additionally, the juveniles who lived with family compared to those who did not live with family have committed mischief and mayhem and theft more because of the inconsistencies and the present deficiencies available in family or financial needs of these individuals outside the family.First, when the study was conducted the link between juvenile delinquency and exposure to lead was not widely discussed in media our subjects were likely to be exposed to such as magazines, newspapers, radio and television.
The Proposed Factors of Delinquency There are different studies related to the main factors that result in delinquency. Basically, proposed factors are studied in a few basic fields, including psychological, biological, and sociological.
established by this study. Out of the 55 randomly sampled young offenders 32; (58%) were from families where they have six siblings and above. Eckersley & Dear () conclude that other than break up of families, individualism and rapid technological development are .
violent crime across cohorts is inconsistent with the conclusion that lead removal was the primary cause of the crime drop. But this does not, they point out, mean that lead exposure has no e ect on crime. Two recent studies reach di erent conclusions about the e ect . A great deal of scientific research examines the relationship between poor school performance and delinquency.
The direction of the causal link between education and juvenile delinquency is fundamentally complex. Early aggressive behavior may lead to difficulties in . delinquency and psychopathology, the Study Group found evidence that some young children engage in very serious antisocial behavior and that, in some cases, this behavior foreshadows early delinquency.